How do anabolic steroids work?

How do anabolic steroids work?

Anabolic Steroids

Anabolic steroids commonly known as anabolic-androgenic steroids refer to certain drugs that resemble androgenic hormones. Many athletes and sports persons consume them in the hope of gaining enough weight, strength, aggressiveness and speed among other things. Anabolic steroids are at many times consumed by athletes involved in sports such as lifting weights, powerlifting, and many others. Anabolic steroids have gained popularity over the years although their effectiveness has been controversial.

barbel and steroid cartoon image

Most of the individuals who consume them acclaim of their high effectiveness and importance. There is, therefore, a need to understand how exactly anabolic steroids work and their effectiveness as well as the long term and short term effect on the body. Steroids were originally manufactured to treat hormonal treatments such as delayed puberty. They can also take care of illnesses which result in loss of muscle for example cancer and HIV.

Testosterone which is a male hormone is responsible for the tremendous growth and development of the body as well as the radical changes that occur in men during puberty. All male hormones have two effects, the anabolic, and the androgenic effects. Anabolic effects are accelerated growth of the bone, muscles as well as the red blood cells. Androgenic effects are mostly the secondary and primary sexual characteristics. Anabolic steroids are manufactured in a way that they enhance tissue growth or anabolic properties in the androgens. The steroids with the largest part potent anabolic effect are also those with the most androgenic effect. Anabolic steroids work in a process of stimulation of receptors within the cells of the muscle.

As the receptors of the muscle cell are stimulated, specific genes in the tissue are in turn activated. This effect is commonly known as the genomic effect, and the process of gene transcription is involved at this point. When an athlete consumes an anabolic steroid either orally or through injection, the steroid goes to the androgenic receptors that are located in the cells. As a result of this action, the receptor of the hormone is thus activated and sends a message to the DNA to make some specific proteins.

picture of bodybuilder jay cutler

The proteins produced by the DNA then travel throughout the body eliciting responses on the growth of muscles. While anabolism is the primary effect of steroids, they also elicit other objectionable and advantageous effects on the body. Despite the fact that the stimulus in the process of lifting weights or running is essential for the utmost development of the muscles, anabolic steroids have the ability to develop and build the muscle without such training. Anabolic steroids also increase the endurance and the aggressiveness of the user. The user can, therefore, train harder and for longer periods of time.

This, in turn, accelerates the recovery of the muscle. The user continues to make an improvement at a rate above average capacity. Since steroids are the testosterone hormone derivatives, the intake of such naturally reduces the secretion of the testosterone hormone in the body. On sensing the presence of anabolic steroids, the body stops the production of the testosterone. In the same way, failure to continue taking anabolic steroids makes the body produce the same hormone naturally once again. However, there is always a noteworthy holdup between the two proceedings. During this delay, users of steroids tend to lose size and strength rather rapidly.

A great source for further steroid information is Simply Anabolics.


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